Blackjack Terms and Definitions (blackjack glossary) | LeoVegas Blog

Complete Blackjack Glossary with the Most Commonly Used Terms

Blackjack is by far one of the most popular card games in the world. To become familiar with this game, it is important to start with the basics. Here is a short glossary that covers the main blackjack terms.

Knowing the terminology of Online Blackjack is the basic rule for anyone who intends to engage in this game.

Table of Content:

The Blackjack glossary includes terms that are often very specific, although not that numerous.

If you don't know their exact meanings, it is easy to get confused about what a particular term means.

It won't take long to go through our Blackjack glossary, and once you've read this article, you'll be able to approach the games like a pro, understand the meaning of certain expressions or words and, in time, hone your skills and become an expert player.

Blackjack Glossary

The Blackjack glossary contains a list of the most commonly used terms in blackjack and their explanation.



Anchor is a term for the seat to the right of the dealer. As the cards are dealt from left to right, the anchorman is the player who receives his cards last.


A Bankroll is an individual player’s available chips/cash. Managing your bankroll before starting a game is essential if you wish not to run into the unpleasant realization your chips have run out.

Basic Strategy

It is a basic system for playing Blackjack. The blackjack basic strategy is based on mathematical simulations. It offers the optimal solution for every situation, depending on several variables: players' cards, dealer's face cards and the number of decks in the Shoe (see Shoe). By following the basic strategy, a player can reduce the house edge as much as possible.

Bet Behind

Bet Behind is a bet that allows an unlimited number of players to make a wager on the hand of the 7 players seated at the table while they wait for a seat to open up.


A "natural" 21 is the highest score that can be obtained. All hands except another Blackjack are defeated by this hand, which is made up of two cards: an ace and a 10 or a figure.

If both player and dealer have Blackjack, the result is a Tie: neither player nor dealer wins, and the bet is returned to the player. Normally a winning Blackjack is paid 3:2.


When the player or the dealer scores higher than 21, losing the hand.

Bust it

Side bet. Allows you to bet on the possibility that the dealer's card score will exceed 21. The bet is returned (Push) if the player scores a Blackjack. There are different combinations to win with this bet, each getting a different payout (3-card bust, 4-card bust, 5-card bust, etc.).

Card Counting

An expression referring to a strategy used when a player chooses to count cards in Blackjack that have been played and discarded to try and predict the value of the next cards.


A term is used to refer to a pack of cards. In Blackjack, French decks of 52 cards each are used. The cards available in each deck are divided into four suits.


The dealer in blackjack deals the cards at the gaming table, collects the losing bets, and pays out the winning ones as in exclusivity.

Dealer Peek

Optional rule: Obliges the dealer to check whether he has played Blackjack before players take action. Variants of this rule oblige the dealer to make such a check only when the card is revealed to be an ace or when it is worth ten points.

Double Down

Option for the player to double the initial bet with an additional card. This is a good bet if the player is in a strong situation and when the dealer's card is weak.

Draw or Hit

When a player asks the dealer for another card to add to his hand. A player can ask for as many cards as possible until he stops or busts (see Bust).

Face cards

These are cards that contain pictures/figures. These include the jack "J" (jack), queen "Q" (queen) and king "K" (king).

Hard Hand

A hand of play with any combination of two or more cards that does not include an ace.

Hot 3

Side bet. Allows you to bet on the three-card combination that includes the player's initial cards and the dealer's face-up card. Each combination has a different payout based on the total score obtained (total of 19, total of 20, total of 21 of different suits, and 21 of the same suit).


This is an optional bet made when the dealer shows an ace; it is based on the assumption that the dealer has a natural Blackjack (i.e. the hidden card is a 10 or a face card). This type of bet, if successful, pays double (2:1). We also discussed this in the article Blackjack Insurance.

No Card Bonus

Rule whereby the dealer does not provide bonus prizes for players who manage to draw a lot of cards without busting.


Amount of money that, according to probability calculations, the casino must return in the form of a prize to players who win. It is compared to the total amount of money transferred by all players and is given as a percentage.

Perfect Pairs

Blackjack side bet. Also called Any Pair in some cases. The player wins the bet if he receives a pair of cards of the same value and/or suit (with the first two cards dealt by the dealer). Each combination has a different payout. Read more about it in our Perfect Pairs guide.


Minimum bet chip, or more generally, chips with the value chosen as the unit of measure for one's bets.


When the dealer and the player have the same score, neither has a bust (see Bust).


A game rule allows players to split cards with the same value. Without this rule, the player may only split two identical cards once.

Side Bet

Many tables also offer the option of making side bets. These can only be used after making at least one bet in the main hand (see also Perfect Pairs, 21+3, Hot 3, Bust it). Players can win via side bets regardless of whether one's main hand wins.

Six Card Charlie

The optional rule allows players to win automatically if their hand consists of six cards, the total value of which is 21 or less, even if the dealer has a Blackjack. Similar but less popular rules are Five Card Charlie and Seven Card Charlie, where only the number of cards required to win without busting changes, i.e. 5 or 7, respectively. The "traditional" game option does not include using these rules at the table (see No Card Bonus).


Container from which cards are drawn to be dealt to players.

Shuffling Machine

A machine used in casinos to automatically shuffle packs of cards.

Soft Hand

A hand of play with any two-card combination that includes an ace.


The player chooses to split the initial hand into two and play them separately. In the traditional rules, this play is only allowed when the first two cards have the same value.


When the player decides not to request more cards, pass the turn.


Blackjack surrender is only possible in some limited variants of the game and consists of a player's decision to withdraw from the hand, losing only half of the bet.


A tie between the dealer and the player.


Indicates how much the player bets at the table.

21 + 3

Side bet. Allows the player to bet on the combination of cards. In this case, the first two cards in the player's hand and the dealer's face-up card are counted. Winning combinations are similar to those in Poker, each with a different payout (Perfect Three of a Kind, Straight Flush, Three of a Kind).

Test yourself at the Blackjack table

This short guide to Blackjack is the basis for learning the rules and strategies to become an ace at the table of this popular card game!

Now that Blackjack has no more secrets, you can start practising and testing your knowledge at a blackjack table. You will find dedicated dealers and ask questions and trivia about the game!


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